Effects of ketamine on different types of anxiety/fear and related memory in rats with lesions of the median raphe nucleus

Effects of ketamine on different types of anxiety/fear and related memory in rats with lesions of... The aim of the present study was to determine the involvement of the median raphe serotonergic system in the effects of ketamine on anxiety behaviours and related memory. The effects of ketamine pretreatment (3 and 10 mg/kg, i.p.) on three types of fear-motivated behaviours, unconditioned one-way escape, conditioned avoidance and freezing were tested. Experiments were performed with the inhibitory avoidance apparatus in rats with ibotenic acid lesions of the median raphe nucleus. It was found that 10 mg/kg ketamine had an anxiogenic-like effect on one-way escape type of fear and anxiolytic-like effect on conditioned freezing-related fear; these effects were unaffected by median raphe lesions. Both ketamine doses impaired freezing-related fear memory. Ketamine (10 mg/kg) also produced an anxiolytic-like effect on avoidance type of fear and impaired avoidance memory. The median raphe lesions attenuated the anxiolytic action of the drug on the avoidance type of fear and prevented ketamine-induced avoidance memory impairment. These results suggest that the anxiolytic-like effect of ketamine on avoidance-type fear is mediated through the median raphe serotonergic system. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Pharmacology Elsevier

Effects of ketamine on different types of anxiety/fear and related memory in rats with lesions of the median raphe nucleus

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/effects-of-ketamine-on-different-types-of-anxiety-fear-and-related-nVZxZarvgK
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0014-2999
DOI
10.1016/S0014-2999(01)01340-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the involvement of the median raphe serotonergic system in the effects of ketamine on anxiety behaviours and related memory. The effects of ketamine pretreatment (3 and 10 mg/kg, i.p.) on three types of fear-motivated behaviours, unconditioned one-way escape, conditioned avoidance and freezing were tested. Experiments were performed with the inhibitory avoidance apparatus in rats with ibotenic acid lesions of the median raphe nucleus. It was found that 10 mg/kg ketamine had an anxiogenic-like effect on one-way escape type of fear and anxiolytic-like effect on conditioned freezing-related fear; these effects were unaffected by median raphe lesions. Both ketamine doses impaired freezing-related fear memory. Ketamine (10 mg/kg) also produced an anxiolytic-like effect on avoidance type of fear and impaired avoidance memory. The median raphe lesions attenuated the anxiolytic action of the drug on the avoidance type of fear and prevented ketamine-induced avoidance memory impairment. These results suggest that the anxiolytic-like effect of ketamine on avoidance-type fear is mediated through the median raphe serotonergic system.

Journal

European Journal of PharmacologyElsevier

Published: Nov 23, 2001

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off