We determined the concentrations of halogenated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (XPAHs), some of which are carcinogenic and/or mutagenic compounds, in fly and bottom ashes and stack gas collected from waste incinerators in Japan. The dominant XPAHs in stack gas were consistent with those in the urban atmosphere. The dioxin-like toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentration ranges of the XPAHs in stack gas, fly ash, and bottom ash were 0.00497–20.5ng-TEQm−3, 0.0541–101ng-TEQg−1, and 0.000914–2.00ng-TEQg−1, respectively. The TEQ concentrations of the XPAHs targeted in this study were higher than those of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls reported in the literature. The annual amounts of XPAHs produced in the waste incinerators ranged from 25.1 to 881g. The mass balance of XPAHs in each waste incinerator was calculated to evaluate the emission rate of XPAHs from waste incinerators. Less than 6.7% of the XPAHs produced in the waste incinerators were emitted into the atmosphere from the facilities in which the flue gas was treated by using a combination of bag filter and activated carbon. In contrast, from the facility using a bag filter only, approximately 50% of the XPAHs produced were emitted into the atmosphere. Thus, the flue gas treatment process appears to be a key determinant of the emission rate of XPAHs produced during waste incineration.
Science of the Total Environment – Elsevier
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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