•Torrefaction decreases oxygen content and enhances the heating value of pine wood.•The oxy-compound content of bio-oil decreases after using torrefaction and catalyst.•Torrefaction and HZSM-5 catalyst significantly increase the aromatic hydrocarbons.•Biochar has higher mass and energy yield than those of other pyrolysis products.•Combination of torrefaction and HZSM-5 is a promising method for products upgrading.
Bioresource Technology – Elsevier
Published: Aug 1, 2016
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