The acceptable temperature ranges of temporarily occupied space (TOS) such as supermarkets could be different from the ranges of normal indoor spaces such as offices. However, current thermal comfort standards do not distinguish such a space from normal spaces and identify its design temperature range clearly. This study proposed TOS, and explored human responses to TOS with the ultimate goal of finding its optimal design temperature range in winter. Questionnaire surveys were performed at six temperature levels in a climatic chamber in Tianjin. Human participants were exposed to outdoors for 20 min and then they stayed in the chamber for 40 min. During this period their thermal sensation, comfort and preference were recorded for evaluation at five different time points. The study shows that their neutral temperature ranges from 16.9 °C to 18.4 °C. Their thermal preference maintains “no change” in the range of 15.4 °C–19.3 °C. Meanwhile, from the viewpoint of thermal comfort, a temperature range of 15.4 °C–17.4 °C is highly desirable for occupants to stay in TOS. Considering the above three ranges, the optimal design temperature range for TOS in Tianjin is recommended to be 16.9 °C–17.4 °C, which achieves highly desirable thermal comfort, neutral thermal sensation and “no change” thermal preference simultaneously. This range is significantly lower than the design temperature range in Chinese national codes (20 °C–22 °C). The results of this study can be used as reference for future code formulation and building retrofitting.
Building and Environment – Elsevier
Published: Nov 1, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera