Effect of stiffener damage caused by Low Velocity Impact (LVI) on compressive buckling and failure load of the three T-stiffened composite panel was studied by experiment in this paper. Stiffener damages were introduced at four impact energy levels with the impact position located on the panel side over the middle stiffener. The impact experimental results show that the impact energy inducing the initial damage of the stiffened panel is about 34 J. With the increase of impact energy, the damage of the panel is slighter than Barely Visible Impact Damage (BVID), while the stiffener damage and stiffener/panel debonding are serious. The panel dent will not be visible until the stiffener is completely fractured under a higher energy impact. Compression after Impact (CAI) experimental results show that although the initial compression stiffness of the stiffened panel is not affected by the stiffener damage, the compressive stiffness decreases with the increase of compressive load due to the damage propagation of the impacted stiffener and buckling of panel. The failure loads decrease significantly when the damage of stiffener and the stiffener/panel debonding occur as the result of LVI, with a maximum drop of 44% compared to the undamaged specimen.
Composite Structures – Elsevier
Published: Jan 15, 2018
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