Whey protein concentrate (WPC) was oxidized by peroxyl radicals derived from 2,2′-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) and the kinetics of droplet stability in O/W and W/O emulsions stabilized by oxidized WPC were evaluated by studying the micro-rheology. Degrees of protein oxidation were indicated by carbonyl concentration and emulsion types were distinguished by fluorescence microscopy. Oxidation resulted in free sulfhydryl groups degradation and surface hydrophobicity decrease. Moderate protein oxidation promoted to form diminutive droplets, which aggregated quickly to gel-network structure and decreased the motion rate of droplets, leading to the increased elasticity and viscosity, which led to better stability. Over-oxidation underwent severe droplet aggregation and sediment with increased motion rate, which resulted in instability of emulsions. The W/O emulsions of oxidized WPC were more inclined to block the motion of droplets and form a stable structure with higher viscosity, compared with the O/W emulsions.
Food Research International – Elsevier
Published: Jul 1, 2016
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