Article history: In order to study the effect of liquid properties on laser ablation in liquids, aluminum 5A06 and titanium Received 10 July 2015 TB5 targets were irradiated by single-pulse infrared laser in isopropanol, distilled water, glycerin and as Received in revised form 13 October 2015 a comparison, in air, respectively. Craters induced by laser ablation were characterized using scanning Accepted 8 November 2015 electron and white-light interferometric microscopies. The results show that for liquid-mediated abla- Available online 14 November 2015 tion, craters with porous surface structures were formed in aluminum target through phase explosion, while no micro-cavities were formed in titanium target owing to high critical temperature of titanium. Keywords: In addition, ablation rates of aluminum and titanium targets vary with types of ambient media in accor- Laser ablation dance with such sequence: air < isopropanol < water < glycerin. Further, the inﬂuence of liquid properties Surface morphology on material-removal mechanisms for laser ablation in liquid is discussed. It is concluded that the density, Ablation rate thermal conductivity and acoustical impedance of liquid play a dominant role in laser ablation efﬁciency. Liquid properties Material-removal mechanisms © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. 1. Introduction Kruusing  summarized that
Applied Surface Science – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2016
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