Integrating inorganic fertilizers (NPK) with organic materials have been common practices for sustainable agriculture production in low-productivity paddy soil. A 4-year field experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of the annual application of inorganic fertilizer in contrast with the combined application of organic manures and NPK on rice grain yield and the soil chemical properties. Six treatments, including control (no fertilizer), NPK alone, NPK plus spent mushroom compost at 1.5 Mg ha−1 (NPK + MC), NPK plus green manure at 3.6 Mg ha−1 (NPK + GM), NPK plus cattle manure at 4.7 Mg ha−1 (NPK + CM), and NPK plus rice straw at 3.0 Mg ha−1 (NPK + RS)—were applied in this study. The results indicated that the rice grain yields for 2014 under the NPK + CM and NPK + RS treatments were 11.4% and 9.3% higher, respectively, compared with the NPK alone treatment. No significant differences in rice yield were observed between the plots using NPK and NPK + MC or NPK + GM treatments. The application of CM to the soil surface led to significantly higher soil pH (0.16–0.29 units), cation exchange capacity (CEC) (17.4%–21.9%), and lower exchangeable acidity and Al3+ concentrations at soil depths of 0–20 cm, compared with the NPK alone treatment. However, no significant differences in pH or concentrations of base cations in the soil were observed in the 0–10 cm soil layer after the application of NPK alone or NPK plus the other three organic amendments. Additionally, the application of NPK + CM at 4.7 Mg ha−1 y−1 showed the highest available P concentration at 0–10 cm depth. Overall, the rice grain yield, soil pH, and available P were effectively improved by NPK in combination with CM at 4.7 Mg ha−1.
Geoderma – Elsevier
Published: Jun 15, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera