Flupirtine, trade name Katadolon, is a centrally acting nonopioid analgesic that has recently been found to display cytoprotective activity in vitro and in vivo on neurons induced to undergo apoptosis. This report shows that the PrP106-126 fragment of the prion protein, which is the likely etiological agent for a series of encephalopathies, is toxic to cortical neurons in vitro. Simultaneously, PrP106–126 influences the molecular GSH content and the bcl-2 expression in neurons. Significant toxicity (32% reduction in cell viability) was observed at a concentration of 50 μ M of the peptide after 9 days of incubation, while at higher concentrations toxicity increased to 70%. Neurotoxicity was greatly reduced following coincubation with 1 to 3 μg/ml flupirtine. Concomitant with PrP106-126-mediated cytotoxicity, glutathione (GSH) content fell by >70% with respect to untreated controls. This decrease in GSH level was strongly blocked by flupirtine under incubation conditions that reduce cell toxicity. In addition to normalizing GSH content, flupirtine induced the expression of the anti-apoptotically acting proto-oncogene bcl-2. Based on these in vitro data and on the favorable pharmacokinetic profile of the drug, we strongly suggest that flupirtine may prove useful for treatment of patients with prion disease.
Experimental Neurology – Elsevier
Published: Oct 1, 1997
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera