Fuel 217 (2018) 515–521 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Fuel journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/fuel Full Length Article Eﬀect of atmosphere on carbon deposition of Ni/Al O and Ni-loaded on 2 3 lignite char during reforming of toluene as a biomass tar model compound a, a a a b Jing-Pei Cao , Jie Ren , Xiao-Yan Zhao , Xian-Yong Wei , Takayuki Takarada Key Laboratory of Coal Processing and Eﬃcient Utilization, Ministry of Education, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China Division of Environmental Engineering Science, Gunma University, 1-5-1 Tenjin-cho, Kiryu 376-8515, Japan GR APHICAL A BSTRACT ARTICLE I NFO ABSTRACT Keywords: Toluene as a model tar compound was used to study the eﬀect of atmosphere on carbon deposition during Carbon deposition biomass tar reforming. A novel Ni-loaded on lignite char (Ni/LC) and commercial Ni/Al O was employed for 2 3 Toluenereforming stability evaluation in a thermogravimetric analyzer. The mechanism of coke formation under N ,H and steam 2 2 Ni-loaded on lignite char with diﬀerent steam/carbon (S/C) ratio were investigated during 5 h test. Nickel particle growth is the main S/C ratio reasons responsible for the deactivation of Ni-based catalysts for tar reforming. Steam remarkably suppressed the
Fuel – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera