To investigate the effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone 2-multiple antigen peptide (GnRH2-MAP) on reproductive function. In our study, 20-day-old male rats (n = 90) were randomly allocated to one of three treatment groups: GnRH2-MAP immunization, GnRH2 immunization, and non-immunized control groups. The immunized animals were administered three doses of GnRH2-MAP or GnRH2 vaccines from 0 to 6 weeks at 2-week intervals. The control group only received oil adjuvant. Blood and right testis samples were collected, and the left testis was weighed and its volume was measured at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10 and 12 weeks after the first immunization. The serum antibody titer and testosterone concentration were determined by ELISA, and the right testis samples were collected for histological analysis. The results revealed that the serum of vaccinated rats elicited a significantly higher antibody titer and a lower T concentration compared with the control group two weeks after the first immunization (P < 0.05), but the highest antibody titer and lowest T concentration were found in animals treated with GnRH2-MAP (P < 0.05). The second immunization resulted in a significant decrease in testicular weight and volume (P < 0.05) in both immunized groups compared to the control, but these values were significantly lower in the GnRH2-MAP group than in the GnRH2 group. Furthermore, seminiferous tubules revealed more significant atrophy in the GnRH2-MAP group than in the GnRH2 group, and no sperm were observed in rats of the GnRH2-MAP group. Thus, GnRH2-MAP may be an effective antigen and a potential immunocastration vaccine with higher effectiveness.
Theriogenology – Elsevier
Published: Apr 15, 2018
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