“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”

Instant Access to Thousands of Journals for just $40/month

Try 2 weeks free now

Editorial board

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY ISSN 0002-9394 ● VOL. 142, NO. 3 SEPTEMBER 2006 EDITOR-IN-CHIEF THOMAS J. LIESEGANG, M.D. Jacksonville, FL ASSOCIATE EDITORS HANS E. GROSSNIKLAUS, M.D. Atlanta, GA GARY N. HOLLAND, M.D. Los Angeles, CA PETER K. KAISER, M.D. Cleveland, OH PAUL R. LICHTER, M.D., M.S. Ann Arbor, MI RICHARD K. PARRISH II, M.D. Miami, FL EXECUTIVE EDITORS ANNE L. COLEMAN, M.D., Ph.D. Los Angeles, CA DOUGLAS A. JABS, M.D., M.B.A. Baltimore, MD HILEL LEWIS, M.D. Cleveland, OH TODD P. MARGOLIS, M.D., Ph.D. San Francisco, CA JOHN D. MCCANN, M.D., Ph.D. Salt Lake City, UT NANCY J. NEWMAN, M.D. Atlanta, GA RANDALL J. OLSON, M.D. Salt Lake City, UT DAVID W. PARKE II, M.D. Oklahoma City, OK JAY S. PEPOSE, M.D., Ph.D. St. Louis, MO STEPHEN C. PFLUGFELDER, M.D. Houston, TX RICHARD F. SPAIDE New York, NY PAUL STERNBERG, JR. M.D. Nashville, TN ELIAS I. TRABOULSI, M.D. Cleveland, OH M. EDWARD WILSON, M.D. Charleston, SC EDITORIAL BOARD WALLACE L.M. ALWARD, M.D. Iowa City, IA ˜ RUBENS BELFORT, JR., M.D., Ph.D. Sao Paulo, Brazil ´ VALERIE BIOUSSE, M.D. Atlanta, GA MARK S. BLUMENKRANZ, M.D. Stanford, CA LOUIS B. CANTOR, M.D. Indianapolis, IN JOSEPH CAPRIOLI, M.D. Los Angeles, CA JAMES CHODOSH, M.D. Oklahoma City, OK DAVID COATS, M.D. Houston, TX NATHAN CONGDON, M.D., M.P.H. Baltimore, MD JANET L. DAVIS, M.D. Miami, FL SHARON FEKRAT, M.D. Durham, NC HARRY W. FLYNN, JR., M.D. Miami, FL ALAIN GAUDRIC, M.D. Paris, France CHRISTOPHER A. GIRKIN, M.D. Birmingham, AL DAVID S. GREENFIELD, M.D. Miami, FL JULIA A. HALLER, M.D. Baltimore, MD NANCY M. HOLEKAMP, M.D. St. Louis, MO MARK W. JOHNSON, M.D. Ann Arbor, MI ANSELM KAMPIK, M.D. Munich, Germany ANDREW G. LEE, M.D. Iowa City, IA STEVEN L. MANSBERGER, M.D., M.P.H. Portland, OR RUPERT M. MENAPACE, M.D. Vienna, Austria TRAVIS A. MEREDITH, M.D. Chapel Hill, NC KOHJI NISHIDA, M.D., Ph.D. Osaka, Japan ROBERT B. NUSSENBLATT, M.D. Bethesda, MD TIMOTHY W. OLSEN, M.D., Minneapolis, MN CHRISTOPHER J. RAPUANO, M.D. Philadelphia, PA YASUO TANO, M.D. Osaka, Japan HUGH R. TAYLOR, M.D., A.C. Melbourne, Australia FOTIS TOPOUZIS, M.D. Thessaloniki, Greece DAVID T. TSE, M.D. Miami, FL RUSSELL N. VAN GELDER, M.D., Ph.D. St. Louis, MO MICHAEL D. WAGONER, M.D. Iowa City, IA KIRK R. WILHELMUS, M.D., Ph.D. Houston, TX TIEN Y. WONG, M.D., Ph.D. Melbourne, Australia THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY (ISSN 0002-9394) is published monthly (For Post Office use only: Volume 142, issue 3 of 6) by Elsevier Inc., 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010, U.S.A. In 2006, the subscription rates in the United States and Canada will be as follows: Individual $119, Institution $439, Resident $59. In all other countries the rates will be: Individual $235, Institution $567, Resident $159, paid in U.S. currency by U.S. bank draft or international money order. The GST number for Canadian subscribers is 137135919. Subscription orders: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY, P.O. Box 2123, Marion, OH 43306-8223. For issues not received, send claim no later than two months after the issue date for domestic and Canadian subscribers and four months after the issue date for all other subscribers. Address claims to Elsevier Inc., Subscription Customer Service, 6277 Sea Harbor Dr., Orlando, FL 32887-4800. Telephone: Toll free (for customers inside U.S./Canada): 800-654-2452. For customers outside the U.S./Canada: 407-3454000. Fax: 407-363-9661. E-mail: elspcs@elsevier.com. All manuscripts including reader correspondence should be submitted through the electronic web submission system at www.EditorialManager.com/AJO. Please view Author Information at AJO.com for details about the AJO format. Other queries may be sent to Thomas J. Liesegang MD, Editor-in-Chief, American Journal of Ophthalmology, Mayo Clinic, 4500 San Pablo Road, Jacksonville, FL 32224-1865, or to: Liesegang.Thomas@mayo.edu At the time of submission, a copyright transfer signed by an author, must be included with the typescript. No manuscript will be reviewed until the signed copyright transfer is received. Manuscripts submitted for consideration are reviewed by members of the Editorial Board and other experts in the field. An unpublished manuscript is a privileged document that must be protected from any form of exploitation. The reviewer should not cite the manuscript or refer to the work it describes before it has been published. Reviewers must refrain from using the information contained in the manuscript for the advancement of their own work, their colleagues’ work, or their institution’s work. Reviewers are consultants to the editor and are instructed not to discuss the paper with the authors. Reviewers work anonymously and their identity may not be revealed to authors or to others. Advertising inquiries should be addressed to M. J. Mrvica Associates, 2 West Taunton Avenue, Berlin, NJ 08009; telephone: (609) 768-9360, fax: (609) 753-0064. Commercial reprint inquiries should be addressed to Commercial Reprints, Elsevier Inc., 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010; E-mail: reprints@elsevier.com. Classified advertising inquiries should be addressed to Classified Advertising Dept., Elsevier Inc., 360 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10010; telephone: (212) 633-3817; fax: (212) 633-3820; e-mail: usclassifieds@elsevier.com No responsibility is assumed by the Publisher or the Editor-in-Chief for any injury and/or damage to persons or property whether such liability, if any, arises as a matter of products liability, negligence or otherwise, or from any use or operation of any methods, products, instructions or ideas contained in the material herein. Because of rapid advances in the medical sciences, the Publisher recommends that independent verification of diagnosis and drug dosages should be made. © 2006, Elsevier Inc. Periodicals postage paid at New York, NY, and at additional mailing offices. Canada Post International Publications Mail Product (Canadian Distribution) Sales Agreement No. 0823295. Printed in U.S.A. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to American Journal of Ophthalmology, Elsevier, Subscription Customer Service, 6277 Sea Harbor Dr., Orlando, FL 32887-4800. ™ This paper meets the requirements of ANSI Standard Z39.48-1992 (Permanence of Paper). AJO AJO is a registered service mark of Elsevier Inc. The American Journal of Ophthalmology is a registered trademark of Elsevier Inc. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American Journal of Ophthalmology Elsevier
Loading next page...
1 Page

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy unlimited access and
personalized recommendations from
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $40/month

Try 2 weeks free now

Explore the DeepDyve Library

How DeepDyve Works

Spend time researching, not time worrying you’re buying articles that might not be useful.

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from Springer, Elsevier, Nature, IEEE, Wiley-Blackwell and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Simple and Affordable Pricing

14-day free trial. Cancel anytime, with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Best Deal — 25% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 25% off!
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

billed annually