Environmental gradient have strong effects on community assembly processes. In order to reveal the effects of alkaline mine drainage (AlkMD) on bacterial and denitrifying bacterial community compositions and diversity in tailings reservoir, here we conducted an experiment to examine all and core bacterial taxa and denitrifying functional genes's (nirS, nirK, nosZΙ) abundance along a chemical gradient in tailings water in Shibahe copper tailings in Zhongtiaoshan, China. Differences in bacterial and denitrifying bacterial community compositions in different habitats and their relationships with environmental parameters were analyzed. The results showed that the richness and diversity of bacterial community in downstream seeping water (SDSW) were the largest, while that in upstream tailings water (STW1) were the lowest. The diversity and abundance of bacterial communities tended to increase from STW1 to SDSW. The variation of bacterial community diversity was significantly related to electroconductibility (EC), nitrate (NO3−), nitrite (NO2−), total carbon (TC), inorganic carbon (IC) and sulfate (SO42−), but was not correlated with geographic distance in local scale. Core taxa from class to genus were all significantly related to NO3− and NO2−. Core taxa Rhodobacteraceae, Rhodobacter, Acinetobacter and Hydrogenophaga were typical denitrifying bacteria. The variation trends of these groups were consistent with the copy number of nirS, nirK and nosZΙ, demonstrating their importance in the process of nitrogen reduction. The copy number of nirK, nosZΙ and nirS/16S rDNA, nirK/16Sr DNA correlated strongly with NO3−, NO2− and IC, but nirS and nosZI/16SrDNA had no significant correlation with NO3− and NO2−. The copy numbers of denitrifying functional genes (nirS, nirK and nosZΙ) were negatively correlated with heavy metal plumbum (Pb) and zinc (Zn). It showed that heavy metal contamination was an important factor affecting the structure of denitrifying bacterial community in AlkMD. In this study we have identified the distribution pattern of bacterial community along physiochemical gradients in alkaline tailings reservoir and displayed the driving force of shaping the structure of bacterial community. The influence of NO3−, NO2−, IC and heavy metal Pb and Zn on bacterial community might via their influence on the functional groups involving nitrogen, carbon and metal metabolisms.
Water Research – Elsevier
Published: Apr 15, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera