Earnings management through real activities manipulation

Earnings management through real activities manipulation I find evidence consistent with managers manipulating real activities to avoid reporting annual losses. Specifically, I find evidence suggesting price discounts to temporarily increase sales, overproduction to report lower cost of goods sold, and reduction of discretionary expenditures to improve reported margins. Cross-sectional analysis reveals that these activities are less prevalent in the presence of sophisticated investors. Other factors that influence real activities manipulation include industry membership, the stock of inventories and receivables, and incentives to meet zero earnings. There is also some, though less robust, evidence of real activities manipulation to meet annual analyst forecasts. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Accounting and Economics Elsevier

Earnings management through real activities manipulation

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0165-4101
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jacceco.2006.01.002
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

I find evidence consistent with managers manipulating real activities to avoid reporting annual losses. Specifically, I find evidence suggesting price discounts to temporarily increase sales, overproduction to report lower cost of goods sold, and reduction of discretionary expenditures to improve reported margins. Cross-sectional analysis reveals that these activities are less prevalent in the presence of sophisticated investors. Other factors that influence real activities manipulation include industry membership, the stock of inventories and receivables, and incentives to meet zero earnings. There is also some, though less robust, evidence of real activities manipulation to meet annual analyst forecasts.

Journal

Journal of Accounting and EconomicsElsevier

Published: Dec 1, 2006

References

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