Drainage water management effects on tile discharge and water quality

Drainage water management effects on tile discharge and water quality 1 Introduction</h5> Subsurface (tile) drainage is used extensively throughout the U.S. Midwest, Canada, and northern Europe to lower the water table and drain soils that are seasonally or perennially wet ( Pavelis, 1987 ). It is often considered “the most extensive soil and water management activity in agriculture” ( Pavelis, 1987 ) and is required for economical agricultural production in many areas of the U.S. Midwest ( Zucker and Brown, 1998 ). Subsurface drainage can also negatively affect surface water quality ( Skaggs et al., 1994 ) as elevated nutrient concentrations in drainage waters are common (e.g., Gilliam et al., 1999 ). Recently, considerable attention has been given to the promotion of drainage water management (DWM) or controlled drainage as a potential best management practice (BMP) to reduce nutrient loads in drainage water while maintaining profitable crop production ( Nistor and Lowenberg-DeBoer, 2007; Skaggs et al., 2012 ). There are, however, a limited number of studies that have documented the effectiveness of DWM in mitigating nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loads ( Skaggs et al., 2012 ). An improved understanding of the effect of DWM on N and P dynamics in subsurface drainage systems is therefore critical to http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Agricultural Water Management Elsevier

Drainage water management effects on tile discharge and water quality

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0378-3774
DOI
10.1016/j.agwat.2014.09.017
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 Introduction</h5> Subsurface (tile) drainage is used extensively throughout the U.S. Midwest, Canada, and northern Europe to lower the water table and drain soils that are seasonally or perennially wet ( Pavelis, 1987 ). It is often considered “the most extensive soil and water management activity in agriculture” ( Pavelis, 1987 ) and is required for economical agricultural production in many areas of the U.S. Midwest ( Zucker and Brown, 1998 ). Subsurface drainage can also negatively affect surface water quality ( Skaggs et al., 1994 ) as elevated nutrient concentrations in drainage waters are common (e.g., Gilliam et al., 1999 ). Recently, considerable attention has been given to the promotion of drainage water management (DWM) or controlled drainage as a potential best management practice (BMP) to reduce nutrient loads in drainage water while maintaining profitable crop production ( Nistor and Lowenberg-DeBoer, 2007; Skaggs et al., 2012 ). There are, however, a limited number of studies that have documented the effectiveness of DWM in mitigating nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) loads ( Skaggs et al., 2012 ). An improved understanding of the effect of DWM on N and P dynamics in subsurface drainage systems is therefore critical to

Journal

Agricultural Water ManagementElsevier

Published: Jan 31, 2015

References

  • Effects of controlled drainage on nitrate concentrations in subsurface drain discharge
    Lalonde, V.; Madramootoo, C.A.; Trenholm, L.; Broughton, R.S.
  • Water table management impacts on phosphorus loads in tile drainage
    Valero, C.S.; Madramootoo, C.A.; Stampfi, N.
  • Controlled drainage effects on water quality under semi-arid conditions in the western delta of Egypt
    Wahba, M.A.S.; El-Ganainy, M.; Abdel-Dayem, M.S.; Gobran, A.; Kandil, H.
  • Effects of controlled drainage on N and P losses and N dynamics in a loamy sand with spring crops
    Wesström, I.; Messing, I.
  • Controlled drainage: effects on drain outflow and water quality
    Wesström, I.; Messing, I.; Linnr, H.; Lindstrm, J.
  • Calculation of drain spacings for optimal rainstorm flood control
    Wiskow, E.; van der Ploeg, R.R.

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