Dietary deficiency of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is involved in the pathophysiology and etiology of major depressive disorder. Supplementation with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) exerts antidepressant-like effect; however, the molecular mechanism of DHA action remains unclear. Here we examined the effects of DHA on the modulation of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), which is essential for neural development, plasticity, neurogenesis, and survival. We demonstrated that DHA treatment significantly increased GDNF release in a concentration dependent manner in rat C6 glioma cells (C6 cells) and primary cultured rat astrocytes, which is also associated with increased expression of GDNF mRNA. Furthermore, the DHA-induced GDNF production was inhibited by mitogen activated protein kinase (MEK) inhibitor and protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, but not protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor. DHA-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activation is dependent on the PKC, as demonstrated by its reversibility after pretreatment with PKC inhibitor. Moreover, fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR inhibitor) but not epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor blocked the activation of ERK induced by DHA treatment. DHA-induced GDNF production was also blocked by FGFR inhibitor, suggesting that FGFR is also involved in ERK activation-mediated GDNF production induced by DHA. Our study demonstrates that DHA-induced release of GDNF, mediated by PKC and FGFR-dependent on ERK activation, may contribute to the antidepressant-like effect of DHA.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Sep 30, 2017
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