With increaseduse of upward and 360-degree assessment comes a greater needto understandwhat the data imply for peopleand the organization. Do Managers See libemsehes As Others See lbm? Implicationsof Self-Other Rat&gAgreementfor Human Resources Management FRANCIS J. 5AMMARINO LEANNE E. ATWAmR hen it comes to providing managers and leaders with feedback information to help them develop their skills, an increasing number of organizations are inverting the pyramid-asking those at the top to look to those in the middle and lower echelons, or elsewhere, for guidance. The feedback may come from the managerâs staff or direct reports (a process called upward feedback), or from a broader base of individuals with whom the leader interacts-bosses, peers and co-workers, and even customers or clients (360~degreefeedback). Estimates are that between 10 and 15 percent of todayâs organizations use either upward or 360-degree feedback for developmental learning and, in a growing number of instances, for performance evaluation purposes as well. In 1994, of Fortuneâs 32 most admired companies, 20 were using upward or 360-degree appraisal and two others were beginning to. More recent information (1996) suggests that these programs are nearly universal among Fortune 500 firms and that, across all organizations, hundreds of millions of
Organizational Dynamics – Elsevier
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera