Four 5,6-dimethylxanthone-4-acetic acid (D) and pyranoxanthone (P) hybrids (D-P-n) were design-synthesized based on multi-target-addressed strategy. D-P-4 was confirmed as the most active agent against HepG-2 cell line growth with an IC50 of 0.216 ± 0.031 μM. Apoptosis analysis indicated different contributions of early/late apoptosis/necrosis to cell death for both monomers, the combination (D + P in 1:1 mol ratio) and D-P-4. They all arrested more cells on S phase. Western Blot implied that D-P-4 regulated p53/MDM2 to a better healthy state. Moreover, it improved Bax/Bcl-2 signaling pathway to increase cancer cell apoptosis. In all cases studied, D-P-4 showed the best activity and synergistic effect. All the evidences support that D-P-4 is a better anti-cancer therapy with multi-target functions.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
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