Diphenyleneiodonium enhances oxidative stress and inhibits Japanese encephalitis virus induced autophagy and ER stress pathways

Diphenyleneiodonium enhances oxidative stress and inhibits Japanese encephalitis virus induced... Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), two widely used anti-oxidants, were employed to evaluate the role of oxidative stress in Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) induced autophagy, stress responses and replication. DPI and NAC exerted opposite effects on ROS levels in JEV infected mouse neuronal cells (Neuro2a), mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and human epithelial cells (HeLa). While NAC effectively quenched ROS, DPI enhanced ROS levels, suggesting that DPI induces oxidative stress in JEV infected cells. DPI treatment of JEV infected Neuro2a cells further blocked autophagy induction and activation of all three arms of the ER stress pathway, and, inhibited virus particle release. Autophagy induction in JEV infection has been previously shown to be linked to the activation of XBP1 and ATF6 ER stress sensors. Our data suggests that DPI mediated block of autophagy is a result of inhibition of ER stress responses and is not associated with an anti-oxidative effect. Since DPI has a wide inhibitory potential for all Flavin dependent enzymes, it is likely that the signalling pathways for ER stress and autophagy during JEV infection are modulated by DPI sensitive enzymes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications Elsevier

Diphenyleneiodonium enhances oxidative stress and inhibits Japanese encephalitis virus induced autophagy and ER stress pathways

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/diphenyleneiodonium-enhances-oxidative-stress-and-inhibits-japanese-TzLeQCCSsA
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0006-291x
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.05.149
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Diphenyleneiodonium (DPI) and N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC), two widely used anti-oxidants, were employed to evaluate the role of oxidative stress in Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) induced autophagy, stress responses and replication. DPI and NAC exerted opposite effects on ROS levels in JEV infected mouse neuronal cells (Neuro2a), mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and human epithelial cells (HeLa). While NAC effectively quenched ROS, DPI enhanced ROS levels, suggesting that DPI induces oxidative stress in JEV infected cells. DPI treatment of JEV infected Neuro2a cells further blocked autophagy induction and activation of all three arms of the ER stress pathway, and, inhibited virus particle release. Autophagy induction in JEV infection has been previously shown to be linked to the activation of XBP1 and ATF6 ER stress sensors. Our data suggests that DPI mediated block of autophagy is a result of inhibition of ER stress responses and is not associated with an anti-oxidative effect. Since DPI has a wide inhibitory potential for all Flavin dependent enzymes, it is likely that the signalling pathways for ER stress and autophagy during JEV infection are modulated by DPI sensitive enzymes.

Journal

Biochemical and Biophysical Research CommunicationsElsevier

Published: Jul 12, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off