Differential response to caloric restriction of retroperitoneal, epididymal, and subcutaneous adipose tissue depots in rats

Differential response to caloric restriction of retroperitoneal, epididymal, and subcutaneous... The beneficial actions of caloric restriction (CR) are partially mediated by metabolic remodeling of white adipose tissue (WAT). Recently, we showed that CR enhances de novo fatty acid (FA) biosynthesis and mitochondrial biogenesis, particularly in WAT. Here, to better understand the response of WAT to CR, we compare the effects of CR on three WAT depots in rats: retroperitoneal (rWAT), epididymal (eWAT) and subcutaneous (sWAT). Computed tomography and histological analysis showed that CR reduced the volume and average size of rWAT adipocytes. In all WAT depots, CR markedly upregulated the expression of proteins involved in FA biosynthesis in fed rats. In visceral WAT (rWAT and eWAT), hormone-sensitive lipase (lipolytic form) phosphorylation was increased by CR under fed conditions, and decreased by CR under fasted conditions. Conversely, in sWAT, hormone-sensitive lipase phosphorylation was increased by CR under fasted conditions. CR enhanced the effect of feeding on AKT activity in sWAT (indicative of a positive effect on insulin sensitivity) but not in rWAT or eWAT. These data suggest that CR improves lipid metabolism in an insulin signaling-dependent manner in sWAT only. The effects of CR on adipokine (adiponectin and leptin) expression were also different among rWAT, eWAT and sWAT, and CR reduced the gene expression of M2 macrophage markers in rWAT and sWAT, but not in eWAT. We conclude that CR differentially affects the characteristics of WAT depots in rats, including adipocyte size, lipid metabolism, insulin signaling, adipocytokine profile and macrophage infiltration. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental Gerontology Elsevier

Differential response to caloric restriction of retroperitoneal, epididymal, and subcutaneous adipose tissue depots in rats

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/differential-response-to-caloric-restriction-of-retroperitoneal-GflCuj5UhZ
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 The Authors
ISSN
0531-5565
eISSN
1873-6815
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.exger.2018.01.016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The beneficial actions of caloric restriction (CR) are partially mediated by metabolic remodeling of white adipose tissue (WAT). Recently, we showed that CR enhances de novo fatty acid (FA) biosynthesis and mitochondrial biogenesis, particularly in WAT. Here, to better understand the response of WAT to CR, we compare the effects of CR on three WAT depots in rats: retroperitoneal (rWAT), epididymal (eWAT) and subcutaneous (sWAT). Computed tomography and histological analysis showed that CR reduced the volume and average size of rWAT adipocytes. In all WAT depots, CR markedly upregulated the expression of proteins involved in FA biosynthesis in fed rats. In visceral WAT (rWAT and eWAT), hormone-sensitive lipase (lipolytic form) phosphorylation was increased by CR under fed conditions, and decreased by CR under fasted conditions. Conversely, in sWAT, hormone-sensitive lipase phosphorylation was increased by CR under fasted conditions. CR enhanced the effect of feeding on AKT activity in sWAT (indicative of a positive effect on insulin sensitivity) but not in rWAT or eWAT. These data suggest that CR improves lipid metabolism in an insulin signaling-dependent manner in sWAT only. The effects of CR on adipokine (adiponectin and leptin) expression were also different among rWAT, eWAT and sWAT, and CR reduced the gene expression of M2 macrophage markers in rWAT and sWAT, but not in eWAT. We conclude that CR differentially affects the characteristics of WAT depots in rats, including adipocyte size, lipid metabolism, insulin signaling, adipocytokine profile and macrophage infiltration.

Journal

Experimental GerontologyElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off