Differential effects of psychological stress on activation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine- and dopamine-containing neurons in the brain of freely moving rats

Differential effects of psychological stress on activation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine- and... We investigated the effects of psychological stress, lacking direct physical stimulus, on the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) and the dorsal raphe nuclei (DRN) in the rat using the in vivo microdialysis technique with dual probes, one in each region of the same animals. Psychological stress was employed using the communication box paradigm. Psychological stress for 1 h significantly increased dialysate 5-HT levels in the DRN and the BLA. Psychological stress-induced 5-HT release in the BLA was significantly greater than those in the DRN, indicating that modifications of the serotonergic neurons in the BLA are more sensitive to psychological stress than are those of the DRN. Psychological stress also increased DA release in the BLA, while the dialysate DA levels in the DRN were unchanged. These results suggest that psychological stress preferentially activates ascending serotonergic neurons from the DRN to the BLA but not those of dopaminergic neurons. Furthermore, our findings indicate that both the serotonergic neurons and the dopaminergic neurons in the BLA may have a distinct role to play in the neuronal responses to psychological stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Brain Research Elsevier

Differential effects of psychological stress on activation of the 5-hydroxytryptamine- and dopamine-containing neurons in the brain of freely moving rats

Brain Research, Volume 901 (1) – May 18, 2001

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
ISSN
0006-8993
DOI
10.1016/S0006-8993(01)02160-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We investigated the effects of psychological stress, lacking direct physical stimulus, on the release of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in the basolateral nucleus of the amygdala (BLA) and the dorsal raphe nuclei (DRN) in the rat using the in vivo microdialysis technique with dual probes, one in each region of the same animals. Psychological stress was employed using the communication box paradigm. Psychological stress for 1 h significantly increased dialysate 5-HT levels in the DRN and the BLA. Psychological stress-induced 5-HT release in the BLA was significantly greater than those in the DRN, indicating that modifications of the serotonergic neurons in the BLA are more sensitive to psychological stress than are those of the DRN. Psychological stress also increased DA release in the BLA, while the dialysate DA levels in the DRN were unchanged. These results suggest that psychological stress preferentially activates ascending serotonergic neurons from the DRN to the BLA but not those of dopaminergic neurons. Furthermore, our findings indicate that both the serotonergic neurons and the dopaminergic neurons in the BLA may have a distinct role to play in the neuronal responses to psychological stress.

Journal

Brain ResearchElsevier

Published: May 18, 2001

References

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