Dietary Management of Obesity and Insulin Resistance: Countering Risk for Laminitis

Dietary Management of Obesity and Insulin Resistance: Countering Risk for Laminitis Insulin resistance (IR) and hyperinsulinemia increase risk for development of laminitis in horses and ponies. Obesity also has been associated with heightened risk for laminitis, likely by means of development of IR. Dietary factors, particularly the nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC) load, modulate risk for laminitis in these animals by means of exacerbation of IR or gastrointestinal disturbances that trigger the condition. Specific dietary management strategies to lessen risk for laminitis include caloric restriction to promote weight loss and improve insulin sensitivity in obese animals and strict control of dietary NSCs, with elimination of grains and sweet feeds from the ration and restricted access to pastures that may be rich in NSCs. Medical treatment with levothyroxine or metformin may be indicated in animals that do not respond to conservative dietary management. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice Elsevier

Dietary Management of Obesity and Insulin Resistance: Countering Risk for Laminitis

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0749-0739
eISSN
1558-4224
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.cveq.2009.02.001
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Insulin resistance (IR) and hyperinsulinemia increase risk for development of laminitis in horses and ponies. Obesity also has been associated with heightened risk for laminitis, likely by means of development of IR. Dietary factors, particularly the nonstructural carbohydrate (NSC) load, modulate risk for laminitis in these animals by means of exacerbation of IR or gastrointestinal disturbances that trigger the condition. Specific dietary management strategies to lessen risk for laminitis include caloric restriction to promote weight loss and improve insulin sensitivity in obese animals and strict control of dietary NSCs, with elimination of grains and sweet feeds from the ration and restricted access to pastures that may be rich in NSCs. Medical treatment with levothyroxine or metformin may be indicated in animals that do not respond to conservative dietary management.

Journal

Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine PracticeElsevier

Published: Apr 1, 2009

References

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