Forensic Science International 273 (2017) 102–105 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Forensic Science International journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/forsciint Diagnosis of drowning: Electrolytes and total protein in sphenoid sinus liquid a,b, b b b Akira Hayakawa *, Koichi Terazawa , Kotaro Matoba , Kie Horioka , Tatsushige Fukunaga Tokyo Medical Examiner’s Ofﬁce, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Tokyo, Japan Department of Forensic Medicine, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan A R T I C L E I N F O A B S T R A C T Article history: Received 12 November 2016 In this study, electrolyte (sodium (Na), chlorine (Cl), and magnesium (Mg)) and total protein (TP) Received in revised form 15 February 2017 concentrations and volume of liquid in the sphenoid sinus were examined to determine their usefulness Accepted 16 February 2017 to elucidate whether drowning occurred in freshwater or seawater. We examined 68 cases (seawater Available online 24 February 2017 drowning group: 27 cases, freshwater drowning group: 21 cases, non-drowning group: 20 cases). There was a signiﬁcant difference in Na, Cl, Mg, and TP concentrations of liquid in the sphenoid sinus among the Keywords: three groups (seawater drowning, freshwater drowning, and non-drowning groups). To distinguish Drowning freshwater
Forensic Science International – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.
Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.
It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera