Forensic Science International 273 (2017) 102–105 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Forensic Science International journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/forsciint Diagnosis of drowning: Electrolytes and total protein in sphenoid sinus liquid a,b, b b b Akira Hayakawa *, Koichi Terazawa , Kotaro Matoba , Kie Horioka , Tatsushige Fukunaga Tokyo Medical Examiner’s Ofﬁce, Tokyo Metropolitan Government, Tokyo, Japan Department of Forensic Medicine, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan A R T I C L E I N F O A B S T R A C T Article history: Received 12 November 2016 In this study, electrolyte (sodium (Na), chlorine (Cl), and magnesium (Mg)) and total protein (TP) Received in revised form 15 February 2017 concentrations and volume of liquid in the sphenoid sinus were examined to determine their usefulness Accepted 16 February 2017 to elucidate whether drowning occurred in freshwater or seawater. We examined 68 cases (seawater Available online 24 February 2017 drowning group: 27 cases, freshwater drowning group: 21 cases, non-drowning group: 20 cases). There was a signiﬁcant difference in Na, Cl, Mg, and TP concentrations of liquid in the sphenoid sinus among the Keywords: three groups (seawater drowning, freshwater drowning, and non-drowning groups). To distinguish Drowning freshwater
Forensic Science International – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2017
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