Applied Energy 172 (2016) 398–407 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Applied Energy journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/apenergy Development of an empirical aging model for Li-ion batteries and application to assess the impact of Vehicle-to-Grid strategies on battery lifetime Martin Petit , Eric Prada, Valérie Sauvant-Moynot IFP Energies nouvelles, Rond-point de l’échangeur de Solaize, BP3, 69360 Solaize, France highlights graphical a bstract Empirical capacity loss model for Li-ion batteries. Both calendar and cycle aging were modeled. Calibrated and validated on LFP/C and NCA/C cells using experimental data. Real life application to assess the inﬂuence of V2G on aging for both technologies. ar ti c l e i nf o ab stra ct Article history: In this paper an empirical capacity fade model for Li-ion batteries has been developed, calibrated and val- Received 21 January 2016 idated for a NCA/C and a LFP/C Li-ion cell. Based on extensive experimental work, this original, generic Received in revised form 10 March 2016 model is well suited for system simulation approaches, and is able to describe both cycle and calendar Accepted 30 March 2016 effects on aging. The stress factors taken into account for each aging mode are the state of charge and Available online 22
Applied Energy – Elsevier
Published: Jun 15, 2016
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