Levornidazole is a novel third-generation nitroimidazoles antibiotic which metabolism and disposition in human are not well known. We have previously developed two methods to quantify levornidazole and its phase I metabolites, Ml (Hydroxylation metabolite), M2 (N-dealkylation metabolite) and M4 (Oxidative dechlorination metabolite), in human plasma and urine. In this study, we developed three novel liquid chromatographic-tandem mass spectrometric (LC-MS/MS) methods and analyzed its phase II metabolites, sulfate conjugate (M6) and glucuronide conjugate (M16), in human plasma and urine, and the parent drug and above-mentioned five metabolites in human feces samples. Analytes and internal standard (IS) in human plasma were extracted by a solid-phase extraction procedure and separated on an ACQUITY UPLC CSH C18 column in gradient elution using acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution as the mobile phase. The pretreatment procedures for urine and feces homogenate samples involved a protein precipitation followed by liquid-liquid extraction, and chromatographic separations were performed on the Atlantis T3 columns of different lengths and particle sizes (2.1 × 50 mm, 3 μm and 2.1 × 150 mm, 5 μm), respectively. The mobile phases consisted of formic acid and acetonitrile-methanol solution (v/v, 50:50) in gradient elution. The MS/MS analysis was conducted on TSQ Quantum triple quadrupole mass spectrometer using electrospray ionization with selected reaction monitoring (SRM) in the positive ion mode. The calibration curves for all analytes were linear and the validation ranges were as follows: 0.005–0.500 μg/mL for M6 and 0.005–2.500 μg/mL for M16 in plasma; 0.010–10.000 μg/mL for M6 and M16 in urine; 0.005–1.000 μg/mL for levornidazole, M2, M4 and M16, and 0.010–2.000 μg/mL for M1 and M6 in human feces homogenate. Across these matrices, mean intra- and inter- batch accuracy values were in the ranges of 80.0%–120.0%, and intra- and inter-batch precision values did not exceed 20%. It was fully validated including selectivity, linearity, matrix effect, extraction recovery, stability, dilution integrity, carryover and incurred sample analysis (ISR). These newly developed methods were successfully applied in pharmacokinetics, metabolism and disposition study of levornidazole in 12 healthy Chinese subjects.
Journal of Chromatography B – Elsevier
Published: Apr 1, 2018
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