Determination of brominated flame retardants, with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental and human samples—a review

Determination of brominated flame retardants, with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers... Analytical methods for the determination of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), with a special emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are reviewed. A number of procedures, which can be applied to the analysis of PBDEs and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and in some cases for hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), in environmental and human samples are described. Because several BFRs, such as tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBP-A), BDE 209 and, to some extent, HBCD, may require a different approach, specific advice on their analysis is given separately when needed. Sample pretreatment, extraction, cleanup and fractionation, injection techniques, chromatographic separation, detection methods, quality control and method validation are discussed. For each topic, an overview is given of the current status of the field and recommendations for an appropriate analytical approach are presented. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environment International Elsevier

Determination of brominated flame retardants, with emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in environmental and human samples—a review

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0160-4120
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0160-4120(03)00114-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Analytical methods for the determination of brominated flame retardants (BFRs), with a special emphasis on polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) are reviewed. A number of procedures, which can be applied to the analysis of PBDEs and polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), and in some cases for hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), in environmental and human samples are described. Because several BFRs, such as tetrabromobisphenol-A (TBBP-A), BDE 209 and, to some extent, HBCD, may require a different approach, specific advice on their analysis is given separately when needed. Sample pretreatment, extraction, cleanup and fractionation, injection techniques, chromatographic separation, detection methods, quality control and method validation are discussed. For each topic, an overview is given of the current status of the field and recommendations for an appropriate analytical approach are presented.

Journal

Environment InternationalElsevier

Published: Sep 1, 2003

References

  • Potential interference of PBDEs in the determination of PCBs and other organochlorine contaminants using electron capture detection
    Alaee, M.; Backus, S.; Cannon, C.
  • Pressurised liquid extraction of persistent organic pollutants in environmental analysis
    Björklund, E.; Nilsson, T.; Bøwadt, S.S.
  • Screening of polybrominated diphenyl ethers in blue mussels, marine and freshwater sediments in Denmark
    Christensen, J.H.; Platz, J.
  • Distribution of organobrominated and organochlorinated contaminants in Belgian human adipose tissue
    Covaci, A.; de Boer, J.; Ryan, J.J.; Voorspoels, S.; Schepens, P.
  • Polybrominated biphenyls and diphenylethers
    de Boer, J.; de Boer, K.; Boon, J.P.
  • Bound pesticide residues in soil: a review
    Gevao, B.; Semple, K.T.; Jones, K.C.
  • Extraction and cleanup methods for analysis of phenolic and neutral organohalogens in plasma
    Hovander, L.; Athanasiadou, M.; Asplund, L.; Jensen, S.; Klasson-Wehler, E.
  • Pressurised hot-water extraction of brominated flame retardants in sediment samples
    Hyötyläinen, T.; Hartonen, K.; Säynäjoki, S.; Riekolla, M.L.
  • A simplified method for determination of tetrabromobisphenol A and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in human plasma and serum
    Thomsen, C.; Lundanes, E.; Becher, G.
  • A new method for determination of halogenated flame retardants in human milk using solid-phase extraction
    Thomsen, C.; Leknes, H.; Lundanes, E.; Becher, G.

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