The adsorption isotherms of yellow and red dye solutions onto granular activated carbon at varying solution pHs (2–8), temperatures (15–50°C), and alcohol concentrations (0–20%) were experimentally determined by batch tests and the Tóth model was found to best fit the adsorption isotherm data for varying solution pHs, temperatures, and alcohol concentrations. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to decrease with increasing solution pH and alcohol concentration and could be predicted by the correlation equations obtained in this study. A correlation equation was also obtained to account for the effects of solution temperature on the adsorption equilibrium constant. The 25°C water was found to be a very poor regenerant for the carbon bed presaturated with the yellow dye compared with 20% alcohol solution. A simple equation was derived, based on non-linear wave propagation theory, to predict the desorption curves of activated carbon bed. Given presaturation concentration, bed density and void fraction, and adsorption isotherm, the wave propagation theory predicted the desorption curves quite satisfactorily.
Water Research – Elsevier
Published: Dec 1, 2001
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