Using diverse arylmethyl groups to replace the benzyl moiety of the lead Hsp90 inhibitor 1 (N-(5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-(R)-N-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-iso quinolinecarboxamide), thirty four derivatives (10–43) were developed, and exhibited improved Hsp90 inhibitory and antiproliferative activities. SAR analysis indicated that the southeastern aryl substitutions influenced their antiproliferative activities obviously, with the para-pyridyl group (41) outperforming all other substitution patterns. In this regard, compound 41 was selected for further evaluation. CETSA melt and ITDRFCETSA (isothermal dose-response fingerprint) curves for Hsp90α further proved that 41 interacted with intracellular Hsp90α powerfully. Compared with the lead compound 1, docking and MD refinement of the Hsp90α-41 complex revealed a favorable H-bonding interaction between the side-chain of Tyr139 and the pyridine moiety of 41, which is the first time to be used for resorcinol-based Hsp90 inhibitors. With broad-spectral antitumor activity, compound 41 induced time- and dose-dependent growth inhibition and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest on human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cell line. In addition, flow cytometry and Western blot analyses confirmed that 41 induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cell line. Via degradation of IKKs and suppression of IKKs activity, compound 41 inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation. The overall properties warrant compound 41 a promising Hsp90 inhibitor and further biological characterizations. This study provides insights into the chemical evolution of Hsp90 inhibitors, and may facilitate the design of next generation Hsp90 inhibitors for the antitumor drug development.
European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry – Elsevier
Published: Jan 1, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera