Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of N-(5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-(R)-N-arylmethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-isoquinolinecarboxamides as potent Hsp90 inhibitors

Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of... Using diverse arylmethyl groups to replace the benzyl moiety of the lead Hsp90 inhibitor 1 (N-(5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-(R)-N-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-iso quinolinecarboxamide), thirty four derivatives (10–43) were developed, and exhibited improved Hsp90 inhibitory and antiproliferative activities. SAR analysis indicated that the southeastern aryl substitutions influenced their antiproliferative activities obviously, with the para-pyridyl group (41) outperforming all other substitution patterns. In this regard, compound 41 was selected for further evaluation. CETSA melt and ITDRFCETSA (isothermal dose-response fingerprint) curves for Hsp90α further proved that 41 interacted with intracellular Hsp90α powerfully. Compared with the lead compound 1, docking and MD refinement of the Hsp90α-41 complex revealed a favorable H-bonding interaction between the side-chain of Tyr139 and the pyridine moiety of 41, which is the first time to be used for resorcinol-based Hsp90 inhibitors. With broad-spectral antitumor activity, compound 41 induced time- and dose-dependent growth inhibition and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest on human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cell line. In addition, flow cytometry and Western blot analyses confirmed that 41 induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cell line. Via degradation of IKKs and suppression of IKKs activity, compound 41 inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation. The overall properties warrant compound 41 a promising Hsp90 inhibitor and further biological characterizations. This study provides insights into the chemical evolution of Hsp90 inhibitors, and may facilitate the design of next generation Hsp90 inhibitors for the antitumor drug development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Elsevier

Design, synthesis and pharmacological evaluation of N-(5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-(R)-N-arylmethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-isoquinolinecarboxamides as potent Hsp90 inhibitors

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS
ISSN
0223-5234
eISSN
1768-3254
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.11.013
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using diverse arylmethyl groups to replace the benzyl moiety of the lead Hsp90 inhibitor 1 (N-(5-chloro-2,4-dihydroxybenzoyl)-(R)-N-benzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-3-iso quinolinecarboxamide), thirty four derivatives (10–43) were developed, and exhibited improved Hsp90 inhibitory and antiproliferative activities. SAR analysis indicated that the southeastern aryl substitutions influenced their antiproliferative activities obviously, with the para-pyridyl group (41) outperforming all other substitution patterns. In this regard, compound 41 was selected for further evaluation. CETSA melt and ITDRFCETSA (isothermal dose-response fingerprint) curves for Hsp90α further proved that 41 interacted with intracellular Hsp90α powerfully. Compared with the lead compound 1, docking and MD refinement of the Hsp90α-41 complex revealed a favorable H-bonding interaction between the side-chain of Tyr139 and the pyridine moiety of 41, which is the first time to be used for resorcinol-based Hsp90 inhibitors. With broad-spectral antitumor activity, compound 41 induced time- and dose-dependent growth inhibition and G0/G1 cell cycle arrest on human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cell line. In addition, flow cytometry and Western blot analyses confirmed that 41 induced apoptosis of human breast cancer MDA-MB-453 cell line. Via degradation of IKKs and suppression of IKKs activity, compound 41 inhibited TNF-α-induced NF-κB activation. The overall properties warrant compound 41 a promising Hsp90 inhibitor and further biological characterizations. This study provides insights into the chemical evolution of Hsp90 inhibitors, and may facilitate the design of next generation Hsp90 inhibitors for the antitumor drug development.

Journal

European Journal of Medicinal ChemistryElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

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