Design, synthesis and cytotoxic activity of N-Modified oleanolic saponins bearing A glucosamine

Design, synthesis and cytotoxic activity of N-Modified oleanolic saponins bearing A glucosamine A series of N-acyl, N-alkoxycarbonyl, and N-alkylcarbamoyl derivatives of 2′-deoxy-glucosyl bearing oleanolic saponins were synthesized and evaluated against HL-60, PC-3, and HT29 tumor cancer cells. The SAR studies revealed that the activity increased in order of conjugation of 2′ -amino group with carbamate > amide > urea derivatives. Lengthening the alkyl chain increased the cytotoxicity, the peak activity was found to around heptyl to nonyl substitutions. 2′-N-heptoxycarbonyl derivative 56 was found to be the most cytotoxic (IC50 = 0.76 μM) against HL-60 cells. Due to the interesting SARs of alkyl substitutions, we hypothesized that their location in the cell was different, and pursued a location study using 2′-(4″-pentynoylamino) 2′-deoxy-glucosyl OA, which suggested that these compounds distributed mainly in the cytosol. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry Elsevier

Design, synthesis and cytotoxic activity of N-Modified oleanolic saponins bearing A glucosamine

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS
ISSN
0223-5234
eISSN
1768-3254
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ejmech.2017.11.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A series of N-acyl, N-alkoxycarbonyl, and N-alkylcarbamoyl derivatives of 2′-deoxy-glucosyl bearing oleanolic saponins were synthesized and evaluated against HL-60, PC-3, and HT29 tumor cancer cells. The SAR studies revealed that the activity increased in order of conjugation of 2′ -amino group with carbamate > amide > urea derivatives. Lengthening the alkyl chain increased the cytotoxicity, the peak activity was found to around heptyl to nonyl substitutions. 2′-N-heptoxycarbonyl derivative 56 was found to be the most cytotoxic (IC50 = 0.76 μM) against HL-60 cells. Due to the interesting SARs of alkyl substitutions, we hypothesized that their location in the cell was different, and pursued a location study using 2′-(4″-pentynoylamino) 2′-deoxy-glucosyl OA, which suggested that these compounds distributed mainly in the cytosol.

Journal

European Journal of Medicinal ChemistryElsevier

Published: Jan 1, 2018

References

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