Tissue concentrations of D-serine and other chiral and non-chiral amino acids were measured post-mortem in the cerebral cortex of the neonatal or infantile individuals with (three cases) or without (seven cases) non-ketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) using high performance liquid chromatography with fluorometric detection. In the cortical tissues of the NKH patients lacking activity of glycine cleavage system, there was a marked reduction and elevation of the contents of D-serine and glycine, respectively, compared to non-NKH controls. Systemic administration of an inhibitor of glycine cleavage system (GCS), cysteamine, mimicked the changes in the cortical concentrations of these amino acids in the 8-day-old rats. Augmentation of brain glycine levels by means of intraperitoneal injection of glycine itself resulted in an increase in cortical D-serine contents in the neonatal rats with normal activity of GCS. These findings provide the first evidence that GCS might be implicated in the biosynthesis or content regulation of endogenous D-serine in the mammalian brain.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications – Elsevier
Published: Feb 24, 1997
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