Delithiation/relithiation process of LiCoMnO4 spinel as 5 V electrode material

Delithiation/relithiation process of LiCoMnO4 spinel as 5 V electrode material In this work, the LiCoMnO4 spinel has been synthesized by a two-step sol-gel based method, followed by sintering at temperatures up to 750 °C in oxygen. After structural characterization of the pristine material via synchrotron and neutron diffraction, the material was characterized via SEM and 6Li-MAS-NMR spectroscopy. 6Li-MAS-NMR spectroscopy in different states of charge revealed, that manganese and cobalt are distributed homogenously throughout the material and the delithiation primary occurs from the manganese environments. It was also shown, that it is not possible to fully delithiate the material in a practical voltage range of an electrolyte. Electrochemical cycling results reveal that about 70% of the lithium can be extracted and reinserted electrochemically in the voltage window from 4.5 to 5.4 V against lithium from/into LiCoMnO4. In situ synchrotron powder diffraction results show that lithium extraction/insertion occurs via a single-phase mechanism over the whole range of lithium contents and that the discharge capacity is mainly restricted by the voltage-window of the electrolyte. Furthermore it was shown, that the delithiation occurs up to a potential of 5.6 V. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Power Sources Elsevier

Delithiation/relithiation process of LiCoMnO4 spinel as 5 V electrode material

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0378-7753
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.jpowsour.2017.10.039
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this work, the LiCoMnO4 spinel has been synthesized by a two-step sol-gel based method, followed by sintering at temperatures up to 750 °C in oxygen. After structural characterization of the pristine material via synchrotron and neutron diffraction, the material was characterized via SEM and 6Li-MAS-NMR spectroscopy. 6Li-MAS-NMR spectroscopy in different states of charge revealed, that manganese and cobalt are distributed homogenously throughout the material and the delithiation primary occurs from the manganese environments. It was also shown, that it is not possible to fully delithiate the material in a practical voltage range of an electrolyte. Electrochemical cycling results reveal that about 70% of the lithium can be extracted and reinserted electrochemically in the voltage window from 4.5 to 5.4 V against lithium from/into LiCoMnO4. In situ synchrotron powder diffraction results show that lithium extraction/insertion occurs via a single-phase mechanism over the whole range of lithium contents and that the discharge capacity is mainly restricted by the voltage-window of the electrolyte. Furthermore it was shown, that the delithiation occurs up to a potential of 5.6 V.

Journal

Journal of Power SourcesElsevier

Published: Dec 15, 2017

References

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