This work is focused on fast techniques for computing the cyclic steady states of evolution problems in non-linear mechanics with space–time periodicity conditions. In industrial applications, in order to avoid the inversion of very large matrices, such a cyclic solution is usually computed as an asymptotic limit of the associated initial value problem with arbitrary initial data. However, when the relaxation time is high, convergence to the limit cycle can be very slow. In such cases nonetheless, one is not interested in the transient solution, but only in a fast access to the limit cycle. Thus, in this work we modify the problem, introducing the time-delayed feedback control, which is widely used for stabilization of unstable periodic orbits. In our framework it is applied to an initially stable system in order to accelerate its convergence to the limit cycle. Moreover, the control term, based on the space–time periodicity error, includes both shifts in time and in space. Our main result is the optimal form of the control term for a very general class of linear evolution problems, providing the fastest convergence to the cyclic solution, which has been further extended and studied in the non-linear case. Efficiency of the method increases with the problem’s relaxation time. The method has been tested using academic applications and compared to the non-controlled asymptotic convergence as well as to the Newton–Krylov shooting algorithm. Finally, the method has been implemented into the Michelin industrial code, applied to a full 3D rolling tyre model.
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering – Elsevier
Published: Aug 15, 2018
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