Declined cadmium accumulation in Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) transgenic duckweed under cadmium stress

Declined cadmium accumulation in Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) transgenic duckweed under cadmium stress Cadmium (Cd) is a serious threat to plants health. Though some genes have been reported to get involved in the regulation of tolerance to Cd, the mechanisms underlying this process are not fully understood. Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) plays an important role in Na+/H+ trafficking. The salt and cadmium stress tolerance were found to be enhanced by NHX1 in duckweed according to our previous study, however, its function in Cd2+ flux under Cd stress has not been studied.Here we explored the Cd2+ flux in wild type (WT) and NHX1 transgenic duckweed (NHX1) under Cd stress. We found that the Cd2+ influx in NHX1 duckweed was significantly declined, followed by an increased Cd2+ efflux after 20 min treatment of Cd, which resulted a less accumulation of Cd in NHX1.Reversely, inhibition of NHX1 by amiloride treatment, enhanced Cd2+ influx in NHX1 duckweed, subsequently delayed Cd2+ efflux in both genotypes of duckweed under Cd2+ shock. H+ efflux in NHX1 duckweed was lower compare with that in WT with 20 min Cd2+ shock. NHX1 also increased the pH value with Cd2+ stress in the transgenic rhizoid. These finding suggested a new function of NHX1 in regulation of Cd2+ and H+ flow during short-term Cd2+ shock. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety Elsevier

Declined cadmium accumulation in Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) transgenic duckweed under cadmium stress

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0147-6513
eISSN
1090-2414
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.ecoenv.2019.109397
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is a serious threat to plants health. Though some genes have been reported to get involved in the regulation of tolerance to Cd, the mechanisms underlying this process are not fully understood. Na+/H+ antiporter (NHX1) plays an important role in Na+/H+ trafficking. The salt and cadmium stress tolerance were found to be enhanced by NHX1 in duckweed according to our previous study, however, its function in Cd2+ flux under Cd stress has not been studied.Here we explored the Cd2+ flux in wild type (WT) and NHX1 transgenic duckweed (NHX1) under Cd stress. We found that the Cd2+ influx in NHX1 duckweed was significantly declined, followed by an increased Cd2+ efflux after 20 min treatment of Cd, which resulted a less accumulation of Cd in NHX1.Reversely, inhibition of NHX1 by amiloride treatment, enhanced Cd2+ influx in NHX1 duckweed, subsequently delayed Cd2+ efflux in both genotypes of duckweed under Cd2+ shock. H+ efflux in NHX1 duckweed was lower compare with that in WT with 20 min Cd2+ shock. NHX1 also increased the pH value with Cd2+ stress in the transgenic rhizoid. These finding suggested a new function of NHX1 in regulation of Cd2+ and H+ flow during short-term Cd2+ shock.

Journal

Ecotoxicology and Environmental SafetyElsevier

Published: Oct 30, 2019

References

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