This work presents and discusses the antiwear behaviour of nanoparticle suspensions in a polyalphaolefin (PAO 6). CuO, ZnO and ZrO 2 nanoparticles were separately dispersed at 0.5%, 1.0% and 2.0%wt. in PAO 6 using an ultrasonic probe for 2 min. AW properties were obtained using a TE53SLIM tribometer with a block-on-ring configuration. Tests were made under a load of 165 N, sliding speed of 2 m/s and a total distance of 3.066 m. Wear surfaces were analysed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) after wear tests. The study led to the following conclusions: all nanoparticle suspensions exhibited reductions in friction and wear compared to the base oil; the suspensions with 0.5% of ZnO and ZrO 2 had the best general tribological behaviour, exhibiting high friction and wear reduction values even at low deposition levels on the wear surface; CuO suspensions showed the highest friction coefficient and lowest wear per nanoparticle content of 2%; and the antiwear mechanism of nanoparticulate additive was produced by tribo-sintering.
Wear – Elsevier
Published: Jul 31, 2008
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