Cromolyn administration (to block mast cell degranulation) reduces necrosis of dystrophic muscle in mdx mice

Cromolyn administration (to block mast cell degranulation) reduces necrosis of dystrophic muscle... Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a lethal muscle wasting disorder, resulting from mutations in the gene encoding for the skeletal muscle protein dystrophin. The absence of functional dystrophin leaves the muscle membrane vulnerable to damage during contraction. Damage initially occurs as ‘tears’ in the membrane, this damage can be exacerbated by the inflammatory response leading to myofibre necrosis rather than repair. Mast cells resident within skeletal muscle represent an immediate source of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesise that blockade of mast cell degranulation would reduce the extent of myofibre necrosis in the mdx mouse. Daily cromolyn injections were performed on young and exercised adult mdx mice and histological analysis confirmed that mast cell degranulation contributes to myofibre necrosis. This research identified high biological variation between individual mdx mice in the severity of the dystrophic pathology, and supported a relationship between extent of muscle damage in adult mdx mice and their individual enthusiasm for voluntary wheel running. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neurobiology of Disease Elsevier

Cromolyn administration (to block mast cell degranulation) reduces necrosis of dystrophic muscle in mdx mice

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/cromolyn-administration-to-block-mast-cell-degranulation-reduces-wCySz0bzDh
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Inc.
ISSN
0969-9961
eISSN
1095-953X
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.nbd.2006.03.016
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a lethal muscle wasting disorder, resulting from mutations in the gene encoding for the skeletal muscle protein dystrophin. The absence of functional dystrophin leaves the muscle membrane vulnerable to damage during contraction. Damage initially occurs as ‘tears’ in the membrane, this damage can be exacerbated by the inflammatory response leading to myofibre necrosis rather than repair. Mast cells resident within skeletal muscle represent an immediate source of pro-inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesise that blockade of mast cell degranulation would reduce the extent of myofibre necrosis in the mdx mouse. Daily cromolyn injections were performed on young and exercised adult mdx mice and histological analysis confirmed that mast cell degranulation contributes to myofibre necrosis. This research identified high biological variation between individual mdx mice in the severity of the dystrophic pathology, and supported a relationship between extent of muscle damage in adult mdx mice and their individual enthusiasm for voluntary wheel running.

Journal

Neurobiology of DiseaseElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off