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Correction of distortion in distressed mothers' ratings of their preschool-aged children's Internalizing and Externalizing scale score

1 Introduction</h5> There is considerable evidence that depressed adults show specific cognitive, perceptual, and affective biases ( Matthews and MacLeod, 2005 ) that may cause depressed parents to overestimate their child's emotional and behavioral problems. In child psychiatric research, this is known as the depression–distortion hypothesis ( De Los Reyes and Kazdin, 2005 ). Müller and Furniss (2013 ; see also Müller et al., 2011 ) reported evidence for the depression-related distortion in maternal ratings of their child's psychopathology in a clinical preschool sample. This paper addresses whether child Externalizing and Internalizing scale scores are also biased in a clinical preschool sample, and if this is the case, presents specific correction equations to adjust for the bias.</P>The depression–distortion hypothesis can nowadays be conceptualized according to De Los Reyes and Kazdin (2005) who reframed a reporting bias like the depression-related distortion within their broader system named ‘Attribution Bias Context Model’, or briefly ABC Model. Within this model, depression-related distortion is one cause of disagreement among other factors. The ABC Model covers several conditions which influence disagreement between informants in a diagnostic setting, like age, gender and observed behavior (like Internalizing and Externalizing) of the child, but also attributes of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Psychiatry Research Elsevier
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