Contour interaction in amblyopia: scale selection

Contour interaction in amblyopia: scale selection It has been known for some time that visual acuity in amblyopia is higher for single letters than for letters in a row (termed crowding). Early work showed that this could not be accounted for on the basis of the destructive interaction of adjacent contours (termed contour interaction), which was shown to be, in resolution units, normal in amblyopia. We have re-examined this issue using a letter stimulus that is modulated about a mean light level. This allows an examination of the effects of contrast polarity and spatial filtering within the contour interaction paradigm. We show that the majority of strabismic amblyopes that we investigated exhibit an anomalous contour interaction that, in some cases, was dependent on the contrast polarity of the flanking stimuli. Furthermore, we show that while amblyopes do select the optimum scale of analysis for unflanked stimuli, they do not select the optimum scale of analysis for flanked stimuli. For reasons that may have to do with their poorer shape discrimination, they select a non-optimal scale to process flanked stimuli. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Vision Research Elsevier

Contour interaction in amblyopia: scale selection

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0042-6989
eISSN
1878-5646
DOI
10.1016/S0042-6989(01)00099-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It has been known for some time that visual acuity in amblyopia is higher for single letters than for letters in a row (termed crowding). Early work showed that this could not be accounted for on the basis of the destructive interaction of adjacent contours (termed contour interaction), which was shown to be, in resolution units, normal in amblyopia. We have re-examined this issue using a letter stimulus that is modulated about a mean light level. This allows an examination of the effects of contrast polarity and spatial filtering within the contour interaction paradigm. We show that the majority of strabismic amblyopes that we investigated exhibit an anomalous contour interaction that, in some cases, was dependent on the contrast polarity of the flanking stimuli. Furthermore, we show that while amblyopes do select the optimum scale of analysis for unflanked stimuli, they do not select the optimum scale of analysis for flanked stimuli. For reasons that may have to do with their poorer shape discrimination, they select a non-optimal scale to process flanked stimuli.

Journal

Vision ResearchElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2001

References

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