Conservation and Development Interventions as Networks: The Case of the India Ecodevelopment Project, Karnataka

Conservation and Development Interventions as Networks: The Case of the India Ecodevelopment... Experience with community-based biodiversity conservation programs in the 1980s and 1990s contributed to the conviction among donor agencies and researchers that such programs must be based on the active support of local resource users, appropriate incentives, and institutional support. Yet the continuing struggles of practitioners to implement conservation interventions that are socially and ecologically sustainable point to difficulty in realizing these principles on the ground. Actor-oriented research in rural development and actor network theory emphasize that the capacity of facilitators to engage effectively in negotiation processes and establish strong networks with key actors is critical in mediating intervention outcomes. Drawing on the case of the India Ecodevelopment Project at Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park in Karnataka, India, this paper explores the role of relationships and networks between actors in a conservation and development intervention, finding that practitioners need to focus on negotiation and network building as a central rather than subsidiary part of the intervention process. Associated with this is the need for change in the way donor and implementing agencies conduct themselves, to promote communication and greater flexibility in intervention processes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png World Development Elsevier

Conservation and Development Interventions as Networks: The Case of the India Ecodevelopment Project, Karnataka

World Development, Volume 30 (8) – Aug 1, 2002

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd
ISSN
0305-750X
eISSN
1873-5991
D.O.I.
10.1016/S0305-750X(02)00039-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Experience with community-based biodiversity conservation programs in the 1980s and 1990s contributed to the conviction among donor agencies and researchers that such programs must be based on the active support of local resource users, appropriate incentives, and institutional support. Yet the continuing struggles of practitioners to implement conservation interventions that are socially and ecologically sustainable point to difficulty in realizing these principles on the ground. Actor-oriented research in rural development and actor network theory emphasize that the capacity of facilitators to engage effectively in negotiation processes and establish strong networks with key actors is critical in mediating intervention outcomes. Drawing on the case of the India Ecodevelopment Project at Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park in Karnataka, India, this paper explores the role of relationships and networks between actors in a conservation and development intervention, finding that practitioners need to focus on negotiation and network building as a central rather than subsidiary part of the intervention process. Associated with this is the need for change in the way donor and implementing agencies conduct themselves, to promote communication and greater flexibility in intervention processes.

Journal

World DevelopmentElsevier

Published: Aug 1, 2002

References

  • Understanding the links between conservation and development in the Bamenda Highlands, Cameroon
    Abbot, J.I.O.; Thomas, D.H.L.; Gardner, A.A.; Neba, S.E.; Khen, M.Q.
  • Enchantment and disenchantment: the role of community in natural resource conservation
    Agrawal, A.; Gibson, C.C.
  • Indigenous peoples and conservation
    Alcorn, J.B.
  • Process approaches to development: theory and Sri Lankan practice
    Bond, R.; Hulme, D.
  • The new institutional economics and third world development
  • On recalling ANT
    Latour, B.
  • After ANT: complexity, naming and topology
    Law, J.
  • Environmental entitlements: dynamics and institutions in community-based natural resource management
    Leach, M.; Mearns, R.; Scoones, I.
  • Demythologizing planned intervention: an actor perspective
    Long, N.; Van Der Ploeg, J.
  • Authority, gender and knowledge: theoretical reflections on the practice of participatory rural appraisal
    Mosse, D.
  • Negotiation in social conflict
    Pruitt, D.G.; Carnevale, P.J.

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