Confinement effects in the step-growth polymerization within AAO templates and modeling

Confinement effects in the step-growth polymerization within AAO templates and modeling Nanostructured polyurethanes have attracted substantial interest for the generation of “smart” surfaces, but step-growth polymerization at the nanoscale has scarcely been reported. In this work, the synthesis of polyurethanes by step-growth polymerization in the nanocavities of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) templates is studied, finding that the kinetics of the reaction was faster than in bulk, while the molecular weight and the dispersity were reduced. A mathematical model was developed to explain these differences, taking into account the chemical and physical interactions encountered in the reaction between the monomers (diisocyanate and dialcohol) for nanoconfined in AAO and bulk. In nanoconfinement, the polyaddition is catalyzed by hydroxyl groups on the pore wall, resulting in an increase in the rate of polymerization during the early stages of the reaction. At high conversions, the limited diffusion of the polymer chains results in a slower polymerization and a dispersity lower than that expected from bulk. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Polymer Elsevier

Confinement effects in the step-growth polymerization within AAO templates and modeling

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/confinement-effects-in-the-step-growth-polymerization-within-aao-m9W7zaXrZy
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0032-3861
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.polymer.2018.02.041
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nanostructured polyurethanes have attracted substantial interest for the generation of “smart” surfaces, but step-growth polymerization at the nanoscale has scarcely been reported. In this work, the synthesis of polyurethanes by step-growth polymerization in the nanocavities of anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) templates is studied, finding that the kinetics of the reaction was faster than in bulk, while the molecular weight and the dispersity were reduced. A mathematical model was developed to explain these differences, taking into account the chemical and physical interactions encountered in the reaction between the monomers (diisocyanate and dialcohol) for nanoconfined in AAO and bulk. In nanoconfinement, the polyaddition is catalyzed by hydroxyl groups on the pore wall, resulting in an increase in the rate of polymerization during the early stages of the reaction. At high conversions, the limited diffusion of the polymer chains results in a slower polymerization and a dispersity lower than that expected from bulk.

Journal

PolymerElsevier

Published: Mar 28, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial