Protein lysine acetylation is a well-known modification with vital regulatory roles in various biological processes. Currently, the acetylated proteome in Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is not yet clear. Combining immune-affinity enrichment with mass spectrometry-based proteomics, we identified the first lysine acetylome of S. pneumoniae. In total, 653 lysine acetylated sites on 392 proteins were identified, which are involved in diverse important biological pathways, including gene expression and central metabolism. S. pneumoniae has a relatively high acetylation level, implying its prominent and diverse roles in the regulation of biological processes. In the acetylome of S. pneumoniae, the most frequently occurring motifs of acetylation are KacK, KacR, KacxK, KacxxK and KacH. Compared with the reported acetylation motifs in various bacterial species, the motif unique to S. pneumoniae is KacT, indicating that species-specific characteristics, regulations and molecular mechanisms of acetylation may exist in this bacterium. Notably, many proteins directly or indirectly contributing to virulence are prevalently acetylated, suggesting that acetylation may coordinate bacterial virulence. This work presented here provides the first system-wide analysis of lysine acetylation in Streptococcus species, which may facilitate a deeper understanding on the regulatory roles of acetylation in the bacteria.
Journal of Proteomics – Elsevier
Published: Mar 30, 2018
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