Competitive Binding of Xenobiotic Oestrogens to Rat Alpha-Fetoprotein and to Sex Steroid Binding Proteins in Human and Rainbow Trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) Plasma

Competitive Binding of Xenobiotic Oestrogens to Rat Alpha-Fetoprotein and to Sex Steroid Binding... The ability of a variety of “environmental oestrogens” to compete with radiolabelled steroids to rat α-fetoprotein (AFP) and to sex steroid binding proteins was investigated in human and rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) plasma. For ( 3 H)oestradiol binding to AFP, diethylstilbestrol and 4-nonylphenoxyacetic acid showed significant competition at concentrations about 100-fold greater than oestradiol (relative binding affinities ≈ 1% c.f. oestradiol). All other compounds (phytooestrogens: coumestrol, daidzein, genistein; others: 4-nonylphenol, 4-tert-octylphenol, 4-nonylphenoldiethoxylate, 4-tert-butylphenol, bisphenol-A (Bis-A), bis(2- ethylhexl)phthalate, dioctylphthalate, dibutyl phthalate, 2,4′DDT (op' enantiomer), 2,4′-DDE (mixed enantiomers), kepone) showed only very weak or no competition (relative binding affinities <<0.1% c.f. oestradiol). The situation for both human and fish plasma was very similar, with only very high concentrations (>>1000 fold more than the natural ligand) of a few of the compounds showing any ability to displace the natural ligand. These results suggest that environmental oestrogenic agents are unlikely to produce biological effects by displacing endogenous steroids from plasma steroid binding proteins unless they are present in very high concentrations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png General and Comparative Endocrinology Elsevier

Competitive Binding of Xenobiotic Oestrogens to Rat Alpha-Fetoprotein and to Sex Steroid Binding Proteins in Human and Rainbow Trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) Plasma

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 Academic Press
ISSN
0016-6480
D.O.I.
10.1006/gcen.1998.7146
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The ability of a variety of “environmental oestrogens” to compete with radiolabelled steroids to rat α-fetoprotein (AFP) and to sex steroid binding proteins was investigated in human and rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) plasma. For ( 3 H)oestradiol binding to AFP, diethylstilbestrol and 4-nonylphenoxyacetic acid showed significant competition at concentrations about 100-fold greater than oestradiol (relative binding affinities ≈ 1% c.f. oestradiol). All other compounds (phytooestrogens: coumestrol, daidzein, genistein; others: 4-nonylphenol, 4-tert-octylphenol, 4-nonylphenoldiethoxylate, 4-tert-butylphenol, bisphenol-A (Bis-A), bis(2- ethylhexl)phthalate, dioctylphthalate, dibutyl phthalate, 2,4′DDT (op' enantiomer), 2,4′-DDE (mixed enantiomers), kepone) showed only very weak or no competition (relative binding affinities <<0.1% c.f. oestradiol). The situation for both human and fish plasma was very similar, with only very high concentrations (>>1000 fold more than the natural ligand) of a few of the compounds showing any ability to displace the natural ligand. These results suggest that environmental oestrogenic agents are unlikely to produce biological effects by displacing endogenous steroids from plasma steroid binding proteins unless they are present in very high concentrations.

Journal

General and Comparative EndocrinologyElsevier

Published: Oct 1, 1998

References

  • Differential interaction of natural and synthetic estrogens with extracellular binding proteins in a yeast estrogen screen
    Arnold, S.F.; Collins, B.M.; Robinson, M.K.; Guillette, L.J.; McLachlan, J.A.

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