A group of captive of white-faced capuchin monkeys ( Cebus capucinus ) was observed in the absence and in the presence of four different types of deep litter: woodchips, dried ground corncob, woodwool and garden peat. In addition to baseline and litter phases, food (grain) was scattered either on the bare floor or on the litter, which was spread across the floor of a large indoor room. Behaviour was affected in different ways by the litters. Woodwool and peat had the largest range of positive effects, including in use of the floor area and in manipulatory foraging activity. The ground corncob was associated with some negative effects and the monkeys avoided using this substrate. Positive behavioural changes were also recorded when grain was scattered on the bare floor or on litter. Apart from some increases in social contacts in the presence of the two most effective litters, social behaviour was relatively unaffected by the provision of litter.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 1996
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