Comparison of physical performances of the ventilation systems in low-energy residential houses

Comparison of physical performances of the ventilation systems in low-energy residential houses The paper presents experimental results of the effect of ventilation systems in modern residential low-energy houses on thermal and humid conditions, heat consumption and perception of thermal comfort and air quality by their residents. Practical projects of modern residential houses with various ventilation systems which realize thermal, humid and psycho-physical comfort were worked out. To analyze the influence of ventilation systems on human comfort, results of questionnaires and comprehensive experimental measurements were taken into account. For measurements, 22 identical residential houses in Germany were chosen where 4 various ventilation systems were installed: gravitational (natural) ventilation, air heating system, mechanical ventilation with in- and out-leading air elements and a function of heat recovery and mechanical ventilation with single ventilators. The following parameters were measured in test units: relative air humidity, concentration of CO 2 in the air, air temperature, consumption of electricity, gas and heat, working time of the window opening, working time of the mechanical ventilation and number of residents. Advantages and disadvantages of ventilation systems were outlined. Experimental results were evaluated. Relationships between ventilation systems and thermal comfort were discussed by taking into account opinions of house residents. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Energy and Buildings Elsevier

Comparison of physical performances of the ventilation systems in low-energy residential houses

Energy and Buildings, Volume 41 (3) – Mar 1, 2009

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
0378-7788
eISSN
1872-6178
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.enbuild.2008.10.007
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The paper presents experimental results of the effect of ventilation systems in modern residential low-energy houses on thermal and humid conditions, heat consumption and perception of thermal comfort and air quality by their residents. Practical projects of modern residential houses with various ventilation systems which realize thermal, humid and psycho-physical comfort were worked out. To analyze the influence of ventilation systems on human comfort, results of questionnaires and comprehensive experimental measurements were taken into account. For measurements, 22 identical residential houses in Germany were chosen where 4 various ventilation systems were installed: gravitational (natural) ventilation, air heating system, mechanical ventilation with in- and out-leading air elements and a function of heat recovery and mechanical ventilation with single ventilators. The following parameters were measured in test units: relative air humidity, concentration of CO 2 in the air, air temperature, consumption of electricity, gas and heat, working time of the window opening, working time of the mechanical ventilation and number of residents. Advantages and disadvantages of ventilation systems were outlined. Experimental results were evaluated. Relationships between ventilation systems and thermal comfort were discussed by taking into account opinions of house residents.

Journal

Energy and BuildingsElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2009

References

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