Comparison of high and low preferred topographies of contingent attention during discrete trial training

Comparison of high and low preferred topographies of contingent attention during discrete trial... 1 Introduction</h5> Effective interventions for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often rely on carefully selected reinforcers (e.g., Peters-Scheffer, Didden, Korzilius, & Sturmey, 2011; Vismara & Rogers, 2010 ). A variety of systematic preference assessments have been developed to identify potentially reinforcing tangibles for use within educational programs for children with ASD ( Lohrmann-O’Rourke & Browder, 1998 ). The paired-stimulus (PS) and multiple-stimulus without replacement (MSWO) arrangements appear to have the best predictive validity (i.e., ability to predict what tangibles will function as reinforcers) and are among the most commonly used approaches in research ( Kang et al., 2013 ). The PS and MSWO are more accurate than caregiver-completed rating scales (e.g., Verschuur et al., 2011 ) and allow a rank ordering from most preferred to least preferred stimuli ( Kang et al., 2013 ). In addition to the body of research demonstrating predictive validity and clinical utility, choice-based preference assessments, such as the PS and MSWO, are often conceptualized as a way to empower people with ASD to make decisions regarding their own treatment and use of leisure time (e.g., Cannella, O’Reilly, & Lancioni, 2005; Tullis et al., 2011 ).</P>Social skills deficits, although a defining feature of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders Elsevier

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
1750-9467
eISSN
1878-0237
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.rasd.2014.06.012
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

1 Introduction</h5> Effective interventions for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often rely on carefully selected reinforcers (e.g., Peters-Scheffer, Didden, Korzilius, & Sturmey, 2011; Vismara & Rogers, 2010 ). A variety of systematic preference assessments have been developed to identify potentially reinforcing tangibles for use within educational programs for children with ASD ( Lohrmann-O’Rourke & Browder, 1998 ). The paired-stimulus (PS) and multiple-stimulus without replacement (MSWO) arrangements appear to have the best predictive validity (i.e., ability to predict what tangibles will function as reinforcers) and are among the most commonly used approaches in research ( Kang et al., 2013 ). The PS and MSWO are more accurate than caregiver-completed rating scales (e.g., Verschuur et al., 2011 ) and allow a rank ordering from most preferred to least preferred stimuli ( Kang et al., 2013 ). In addition to the body of research demonstrating predictive validity and clinical utility, choice-based preference assessments, such as the PS and MSWO, are often conceptualized as a way to empower people with ASD to make decisions regarding their own treatment and use of leisure time (e.g., Cannella, O’Reilly, & Lancioni, 2005; Tullis et al., 2011 ).</P>Social skills deficits, although a defining feature of

Journal

Research in Autism Spectrum DisordersElsevier

Published: Oct 1, 2014

References

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