The oxidation of As(III) to As(V) in aqueous solution was evaluated using heterogeneous photocatalysis and photolysis. The influence of TiO2 as catalyst in different crystalline (rutile, anatase) and commercial forms was evaluated in a batch reactor and an insignificant difference was observed between them. The process by photocatalysis reached up to 97% As(III) oxidation and no significant difference was observed comparing to results obtained by photolysis. The photolysis experiments (UV radiation only), also carried out in a batch system, showed a high oxidation rate of As(III) (90% in 20min). The influence of different matrices (well water, river water and public water supply) were evaluated. Additionally, the effect of As(V) concentration, generated during the oxidation process, was studied. Continuous photolysis experiments using only UV radiation were performed, resulting in a high As(III) oxidation rate. Using a flow rate of 5mLmin−1 and an initial concentration of As(III) 200µgL−1, gave an oxidation percentage of As(III) of up to 72%, showing a simple and economical alternative to the oxidation step of As(III) to As(V) in the treatment of water contaminated with arsenic.
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety – Elsevier
Published: Apr 30, 2018
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