Comparative eco-toxicity of nanoscale TiO 2 , SiO 2 , and ZnO water suspensions

Comparative eco-toxicity of nanoscale TiO 2 , SiO 2 , and ZnO water suspensions The potential eco-toxicity of nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ), and zinc oxide (ZnO) water suspensions was investigated using Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis and Gram-negative Escherichia coli as test organisms. These three photosensitive nanomaterials were harmful to varying degrees, with antibacterial activity increasing with particle concentration. Antibacterial activity generally increased from SiO 2 to TiO 2 to ZnO, and B. subtilis was most susceptible to their effects. Advertised nanoparticle size did not correspond to true particle size. Apparently, aggregation produced similarly sized particles that had similar antibacterial activity at a given concentration. The presence of light was a significant factor under most conditions tested, presumably due to its role in promoting generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, bacterial growth inhibition was also observed under dark conditions, indicating that undetermined mechanisms additional to photocatalytic ROS production were responsible for toxicity. These results highlight the need for caution during the use and disposal of such manufactured nanomaterials to prevent unintended environmental impacts, as well as the importance of further research on the mechanisms and factors that increase toxicity to enhance risk management. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Water Research Elsevier

Comparative eco-toxicity of nanoscale TiO 2 , SiO 2 , and ZnO water suspensions

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Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
0043-1354
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.watres.2006.08.004
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The potential eco-toxicity of nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO 2 ), silicon dioxide (SiO 2 ), and zinc oxide (ZnO) water suspensions was investigated using Gram-positive Bacillus subtilis and Gram-negative Escherichia coli as test organisms. These three photosensitive nanomaterials were harmful to varying degrees, with antibacterial activity increasing with particle concentration. Antibacterial activity generally increased from SiO 2 to TiO 2 to ZnO, and B. subtilis was most susceptible to their effects. Advertised nanoparticle size did not correspond to true particle size. Apparently, aggregation produced similarly sized particles that had similar antibacterial activity at a given concentration. The presence of light was a significant factor under most conditions tested, presumably due to its role in promoting generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, bacterial growth inhibition was also observed under dark conditions, indicating that undetermined mechanisms additional to photocatalytic ROS production were responsible for toxicity. These results highlight the need for caution during the use and disposal of such manufactured nanomaterials to prevent unintended environmental impacts, as well as the importance of further research on the mechanisms and factors that increase toxicity to enhance risk management.

Journal

Water ResearchElsevier

Published: Nov 1, 2006

References

  • Photocatalytic disinfection of indoor air
    Goswami, D.Y.; Trivedi, D.M.; Block, S.S.
  • Kinetics of ultrasonic disinfection of Escherichia coli in the presence of titanium dioxide particles
    Kubo, M.; Onodera, R.; Shibasaki-Kitakawa, N.; Tsumoto, K.; Yonemoto, T.
  • Solar and photocatalytic disinfection of protozoan, fungal and bacterial microbes in drinking water
    Lonnen, J.; Kilvington, S.; Kehoe, S.C.; Al-Touati, F.; McGuigan, K.G.

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