A combined bioelectrochemical and sulfur autotrophic denitrification process for drinking water treatment was put forward and investigated extensively in this paper. In this new process, the bioelectrochemical denitrification was carried out in the upper part of the reactor while sulfur denitrification in the lower part. The H + produced in Sulfur Part could be consumed by hydrogen denitrification in Bioelectrochemical Part. Therefore, the limestone for pH adjustment in Sulfur Part was not necessary in this combined process, which avoided the problem of hardness increase. The sulfate accumulation in this combined reactor was less than that of the sulfur limestone autotrophic denitrification system. The effluent from two parts was kept neutral at optimum operation conditions. When the influent nitrate was 30 mg-N/L, the reactor could be operated efficiently at the hydraulic retention time ranged from 1.9 to 5 h (corresponding minimum current was 16–3 mA), i.e. the effluent NO 3 − -N removal ranged from 90% to 100% without nitrite accumulation and the effluent sulfate concentration was lower than 170 mg/L. The maximum volume-loading rate of the reactor was 0.381 kg NO 3 − -N/(m 3 d). The biomass and scanning electron microscope micrographs of Sulfur Part were also analyzed.
Water Research – Elsevier
Published: Sep 1, 2003
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