Peptides sequenced from the purified rat liver cytosolic retinal dehydrogenase P1 (Posch, K.C., Burns, R.D. and Napoli, J.L., 1992. Biosynthesis of all- trans -retinoic acid from retinal: recognition of retinal bound to cellular retinol-binding protein (type I) as substrate by a purified cytosolic dehydrogenase. J. Biol. Chem. 267, 19676–19682) were used to design oligonucleotides for cloning its cDNA. The deduced amino acid sequence of P1, now designated retinal dehydrogenase type I or RalDH(I), has close similarity with mouse AHD-2 and rat kidney aldehyde dehydrogenase, but is distinct from rat phenobarbital-inducible aldehyde dehydrogenase ( PIADH ), the presumed rat liver homolog of mouse AHD-2. Rat kidney (100%) and lung (88%) show relatively high mRNA levels of RalDH(I) , liver (34%) and brain (22%) have moderate levels, and testis (8%) has low levels. Retinoid status affects RalDH(I) mRNA levels differently in different tissues. E. coli -expressed RalDH(I) exhibits allosteric kinetics for retinal with a Hill coefficient of 1.7, a K 0.5 value of 1.4 μM and a V max of 52 nmol min −1 mg −1 protein. These data establish the cospecificity of P1 and RalDH(I), show that retinoid status affects expression of its mRNA in a tissue-dependent manner, and illustrate that aldehyde dehydrogenase isozymes with extensive homology can participate in different metabolic paths, e.g., RalDH vs. PIADH.
Gene – Elsevier
Published: Jun 3, 1997
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