Chrysophanol demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties in LPS-primed RAW 264.7 macrophages through activating PPAR-γ

Chrysophanol demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties in LPS-primed RAW 264.7 macrophages... Sepsis is a life-threatening disease. Inflammation is a major concomitant symptom of sepsis Chrysophanol, an anthraquinone derivative isolated from the rhizomes of rheumpalmatum, has been reported to have a protective effect against lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced inflammation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. The aim of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of chrysophanol on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced anti-inflammatory effect of RAW264.7 cells and its involved potential mechanism. The mRNA and protein expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and PPAR-γ were measured by qRT-PCR and western blotting, the production of TNF-α, IL-1β was evaluated by ELISA. Then, the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 was also detected by western blotting. And NF-κB p65 promoter activity was analyzed by the Dual-Luciferase reporter assay system as well. Meanwhile, PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662 was performed to knockdown PPAR-γ expression in cells. Our data revealed that LPS induced the up-regulation of TNF-α, IL-1β, iNOS and NF-κB p65, the down-regulation of PPAR-γ were substantially suppressed by chrysophanol in RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, our data also figured out that these effects of chrysophanol were largely abrogated by PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662. Taken together, our results indicated that LPS-induced inflammation was potently compromised by chrysophanol very likely through the PPAR-γ-dependent inactivation of NF-κB in RAW264.7 cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Immunopharmacology Elsevier

Chrysophanol demonstrates anti-inflammatory properties in LPS-primed RAW 264.7 macrophages through activating PPAR-γ

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/chrysophanol-demonstrates-anti-inflammatory-properties-in-lps-primed-s9K05qKk4U
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd
ISSN
1567-5769
eISSN
1878-1705
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.intimp.2018.01.023
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Sepsis is a life-threatening disease. Inflammation is a major concomitant symptom of sepsis Chrysophanol, an anthraquinone derivative isolated from the rhizomes of rheumpalmatum, has been reported to have a protective effect against lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced inflammation. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. The aim of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of chrysophanol on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced anti-inflammatory effect of RAW264.7 cells and its involved potential mechanism. The mRNA and protein expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and PPAR-γ were measured by qRT-PCR and western blotting, the production of TNF-α, IL-1β was evaluated by ELISA. Then, the phosphorylation of NF-κB p65 was also detected by western blotting. And NF-κB p65 promoter activity was analyzed by the Dual-Luciferase reporter assay system as well. Meanwhile, PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662 was performed to knockdown PPAR-γ expression in cells. Our data revealed that LPS induced the up-regulation of TNF-α, IL-1β, iNOS and NF-κB p65, the down-regulation of PPAR-γ were substantially suppressed by chrysophanol in RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, our data also figured out that these effects of chrysophanol were largely abrogated by PPAR-γ inhibitor GW9662. Taken together, our results indicated that LPS-induced inflammation was potently compromised by chrysophanol very likely through the PPAR-γ-dependent inactivation of NF-κB in RAW264.7 cells.

Journal

International ImmunopharmacologyElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Access to DeepDyve database
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off