Cholinergic regulation of proliferation of the urothelium in response to E. coli lipopolysaccharide exposition

Cholinergic regulation of proliferation of the urothelium in response to E. coli... How the proliferation of the urothelium is regulated is known to a little degree. E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates the innate immune response of the urinary bladder via the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on the urothelium but induces also urothelial proliferation. We wanted to assess whether muscarinic receptors are involved in the regulation of urothelial proliferation triggered by LPS stimulation. Female Fischer 344 rats were instilled with LPS or saline (control) in the urinary bladder in the absence or presence of muscarinic receptor blockade with atropine and regeneration of the urothelium was assessed 4h and 24h later. In the Fischer 344 bladder, urothelial thinning and urothelial caspase 3 up-regulation occurred at 4h after LPS urinary bladder instillation, which were totally blocked in rats pre-treated with atropine. TLR4 was only expressed in blood vessels in the Fischer 344 bladder, while it was also expressed in umbrella cells in the Sprague-Dawley bladder. Proliferation (Ki67 incorporation) of the human urothelial cell line UROtsa was reduced in the presence of the muscarinic receptor antagonists methoctramine (M2/M4-selective) and pirenzepine (M1/M4-selective), while proliferation instead was enhanced in the presence of atropine. In UROtsa cells exposed to LPS for 24h, 4-DAMP (M3/M1/M5-selective) inhibited instead proliferation. In conclusion, muscarinic receptors regulate urothelial proliferation and LPS may induce urothelial apoptosis via muscarinic receptor-dependent pathways. Our findings also suggest that species differences exist in the expressional pattern of TLR4 in the urothelium. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Immunopharmacology Elsevier

Cholinergic regulation of proliferation of the urothelium in response to E. coli lipopolysaccharide exposition

Loading next page...
 
/lp/elsevier/cholinergic-regulation-of-proliferation-of-the-urothelium-in-response-ZQ9G05Wkat
Publisher
Elsevier
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
ISSN
1567-5769
eISSN
1878-1705
D.O.I.
10.1016/j.intimp.2018.01.006
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

How the proliferation of the urothelium is regulated is known to a little degree. E. coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activates the innate immune response of the urinary bladder via the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on the urothelium but induces also urothelial proliferation. We wanted to assess whether muscarinic receptors are involved in the regulation of urothelial proliferation triggered by LPS stimulation. Female Fischer 344 rats were instilled with LPS or saline (control) in the urinary bladder in the absence or presence of muscarinic receptor blockade with atropine and regeneration of the urothelium was assessed 4h and 24h later. In the Fischer 344 bladder, urothelial thinning and urothelial caspase 3 up-regulation occurred at 4h after LPS urinary bladder instillation, which were totally blocked in rats pre-treated with atropine. TLR4 was only expressed in blood vessels in the Fischer 344 bladder, while it was also expressed in umbrella cells in the Sprague-Dawley bladder. Proliferation (Ki67 incorporation) of the human urothelial cell line UROtsa was reduced in the presence of the muscarinic receptor antagonists methoctramine (M2/M4-selective) and pirenzepine (M1/M4-selective), while proliferation instead was enhanced in the presence of atropine. In UROtsa cells exposed to LPS for 24h, 4-DAMP (M3/M1/M5-selective) inhibited instead proliferation. In conclusion, muscarinic receptors regulate urothelial proliferation and LPS may induce urothelial apoptosis via muscarinic receptor-dependent pathways. Our findings also suggest that species differences exist in the expressional pattern of TLR4 in the urothelium.

Journal

International ImmunopharmacologyElsevier

Published: Mar 1, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off